Birth control method Pill Styles Revealed
This really is an introductory explanation of the various kinds of oral contraceptive pills which could enable you to finally select the one which is better for the body. 50 years on, we’ve learned that the oral contraceptive pill for women still prevents pregnancy if it’s comprised of reduced doses of estrogen and progestin than in early days. ‘The Pill’ used to contain 50-100 micrograms of estrogen and today it contains only 20-35 micrograms, with researchers trying to reduce this amount further to reduce side effects. Synthetic hormones (estrogen/ethinyl estradiol and progestin) found in contraceptive pills mimic the natural hormones (oestrogen and progesterone) created by the ovaries, adrenal gland and liver.
Estrogen’s main job in a contraceptive pill is to stop ovulation (release of an egg from a woman’s ovary). Progestin in the pill, whilst it does have some intermittent effect on ovulation (about 50% of the time) is relied on mainly to thicken the mucus across the cervix to prevent sperm from getting through to an egg.
Contraceptive Pills come in two basic types: single hormone pills (progestin only) and combination hormone pills (estrogen + progestin) Pills are given in two basic packs- 28 day pill packs= 3 weeks of active hormone pills +1 week placebo pills and 21 day pill packs= 3 weeks of active hormone pills without placebo pills.
PROGESTIN only pills (the ‘mini pill’) don’t contain estrogen and only have a small amount of progestin in them. Breastfeeding women tend to be prescribed these ‘mini pills’ (estrogen could cause a lowering of milk supply) along with women who cannot take synthetic estrogen for medical reasons. Negative effects are less than pills containing estrogen and they are not connected with cardiovascular disease, however, irregular bleeding /spotting/mood swings may occur. Progestin only pills MUST be taken at the same time daily and are affected by vomiting or diarrhoea.This type of contraceptive pill is not affected by antibiotics.
COMBINATION PILLS- contain estrogen and progestin and can be further categorized as being Monophasic, Biphasic or Triphasic- just what exactly do these terms mean? Pills are put in these categories in accordance with whether the quantities of hormones they contain stay the same throughout the first three weeks of a woman’s menstrual cycle (in 28 day pill packs, the pills for the fourth week in the pack are placebo or ‘reminder pills’ which are inactive and don’t contain any hormones)
MONOPHASIC Pill- is one that contains the same amount of hormones in every ACTIVE pill so you are less inclined to have mood swings as your hormone levels don’t vary much throughout the month. Popular monophasic pills include:Alesse, Brevicon, Desogen, Levlen, Levlite, Loestrin, Modicon, Nelova, Nordette, Norinyl,Ortho-Cept, Ortho-Cyclen, Ortho-Novum, Ovcon, Yasmin. In 2003 the FDA approved a new packaging of a monophasic contraceptive pill called Seasonale. This pill is taken for 91 days, during which no periods occur -so in 12 months, women taking this pill is only going to have 4 periods (for the first year though, expect the same no. of menstrual days as with a traditional contraceptive pill till your body adjusts)
BIPHASIC PIll- is one that contains different amounts of hormones throughout the pack. These pills alter your hormone levels once through your cycle by increasing the dosage of progestin about halfway during your cycle and are considered to better match your body’s natural production of hormones- they contain smaller doses of hormones in total than monophasic pills. However, insufficient evidence has been gathered to favour these pills over monophasic ones, where a lot more reliable data is available so monophasic pills are preferred. Breakthrough bleeding has been reported as a complication with your pills. Popular biphasic pills include : Jenest, Mircette, Necon 10/11, Nelova 10/11, Ortho-Novum 10/11. Attempts to decrease negative effects led to the three-phase pill in the 1980s.
TRIPHASE pill- is one that contains 3 different amounts of hormones in the ACTIVE pills over three weeks, i.e. buy valium online a big change in hormone levels within the human body occurs every 7 days for the first 3 weeks.. The dose of estrogen is gradually increased and in a few pills, the dose of progestin is also increased. Whether three-phase pills result in fewer pregnancies than two-phase pills is unknown. Nor could it be known if the pills give better cycle control or have fewer side effects. Search for the ‘TRI’ on the label such as for example:Ortho Tri-Cyclen, Triphasil, Tri-Levlen, Trivora, Tri-Norinyl, other brands include: Cyclessa, Ortho-Novum 7/7/7.
The Best Pill to Take – All contraceptive pills are effective if taken correctly, with combination pills (containing both estrogen and progestin) being more effective compared to low dose ‘mini pill’ ;.Monophasic pills will be the best in the first place because they are cheaper and those with lower amounts of estrogen may have fewer negative effects (but more breakthrough bleeding)
Always use back up (a condom or diaphragm) for the remaining portion of the month if you miss a pill. Trial and error, negative effects and talking to your doctor should enable you to find a contraceptive pill that suits your body. Pregnancies occur mainly when women forget to have a pill or take them incorrectly, vomit, get diarrhoea or, in the event of the mini pill, don’t take pills at the same time each day. It’s quite simple to start a pill packet late if you simply forget or if you don’t have another new packet on hand. The most dangerous time to miss a pill is by the end or beginning of a package since it lengthens the pill free gap beyond seven days which means that may very well not have absorbed sufficient synthetic hormones to stop you from ovulating in the next month.